Dead Reckoning

An early navigational method was the compass / stopwatch method. This was a form of Dead / Reckoning [D/R] where the pilot flew a set course for X minutes than flew a new course for a set number of minutes. A second feature of this included a height requirement so the track cleared mountains.

An early example was the Sydney / Melbourne route used by Kingsford Smith and Ulm's ANA Ltd in 1930. This route was flown using Avro Ten aircraft, which were British copies of the famous Fokker FV11b/3m "Southern Cross", using three Armstrong Siddeley Lynx engines. These aircraft were fitted with Turn and Bank indicator, compass, airspeed indicator, rev counter, fore-and-aft inclinometer and altimeter. [Job 1991:168]

Night Beacons

Page last updated on 31/12/03

Navigation
VFR
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Dead Reckoning
Night Beacons
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GDF
Loran/Gee
VAR
DME&ILS
Celestial Navigation
FAN